Epic stuff.

by Terrell
(Columbia, MO)

Hello your advice have been helpful. My question is: what makes a book or a story an epic? What are all the elements in an epic? Does an epic have to be fantasy? Can it be science fiction or horror?

Answer: The original meaning of "epic" referred to epic poems, which are long narrative poems, generally concerning the founding of a people, a civilization, or an era. They depict the heroes and heroic battles that were required to make the world safe for the people in question, and the values that led to victory. They purport to be re-tellings of historical events (though a large measure of the stories may be purely mythological). Nonetheless, being perceived as history lets them impart to the readers a sense of a shared cultural identity.

Some examples are:

The Iliad, which is about how ancient Greek peoples united to fight the Trojan war.

Paradise Lost, which is a British retelling of the Christian creation myth in an attempt to reconcile it with other ancient myths and histories.

The Indian work, The Mahabhurata, which (not unlike Paradise Lost) tells of the end of one idyllic era, culminating in a climactic battle, and the beginning of our current, rather less righteous civilization.

Some epic novels, such as The Lord of the Rings tell of great turning points in the history of a fantasy world. Others are a kind of historical fiction (for instance, War and Peace).

Epic novels tend to be long, often covering large periods of time or spanning several volumes. Single volume epics will be over 110,000 words. They tend to have subplots and large casts of characters. Sometimes they cover the history of several generations. They celebrate heroism and the values of the culture they are written for or the world they take place in. They also tend to have dark villains who must be fought and defeated in order for the good side to have a chance to thrive in the next era.

There's no reason why your fantasy world cannot resemble science fiction or space opera. Some would argue that the Star Wars series or Battlestar Galactica are science fiction epics.

As for horror, that's more of a stylistic choice. However, as I say, evil, scary enemies are certainly found in epics. The more terrifying and evil the villain, the more brave and noble the heroes look when defeating them. The Old English epic poem, Beowulf, for example, features great battles against great monsters, as does The Lord of the Rings.

Comments for Epic stuff.

Click here to add your own comments

May 13, 2013
one more thing?
by: Anonymous

One more thing? Can an epic hero also be a tragic hero?

May 13, 2013
by: Glen

Generally, an epic will have an outcome of success. That is, the goal of defeating the evil enemies will be achieved in the end (so it's not a straight tragedy).

Whether the epic ends well for the main character is another story. Frodo, for example, is left with wounds that never heal and he can never fully rejoin the Shire. Beowulf is killed by a dragon in the end. Adam is kicked out of Eden. On the other hand, Aeneas and Odysseus have happier endings.

Click here to add your own comments

Join in and submit your own question/topic! It's easy to do. How? Simply click here to return to Genre Invite.

search this site the web
search engine by freefind

Celebrating our 2nd year as one of the...

 Step-by-Step Novel Planning Workbook

NEW! Make Money Writing Nonfiction Articles

"I've read more than fifty books on writing, writing novels, etc., but your website has the most useful and practical guidance. Now that I understand how a novel is structured, I will rewrite mine, confident that it will be a more interesting novel." - Lloyd Edwards

"Thanks to your "Create a Plot Outline in 8 Easy Steps," I was able to take a story that I simply just fooled around with and went willy nilly all over, into a clearly defined, intriguing battle where two characters fight to keep their relationship intact, and try to find a balance in control of themselves and their lives. Thanks to you, I'm not ashamed of the poor organization of my writing." - Nommanic Ragus

"I am so glad I found your site. It has helped me in so many ways, and has given me more confidence about myself and my work. Thank you for making this valuable resource, for me and my fellow writers. Perhaps you'll hear about me someday...I'll owe it to you." - Ruth, Milton, U.S.A.

"I never knew what to do with all the characters in my head, but since discovering Dramatica I am writing again in my spare time. Thank you for making this available. Yes, it is a bit complex, and it does take time, but I love it because it works." - Colin Shoeman

"I came across your website by chance. It is a plethora of knowledge, written in a simplistic way to help aspiring writers. I truly appreciate all of the information you have provided to help me successfully (relative term) write my novel. Thank you very much!" - Leo T. Rollins

"I can honestly say that this is the first website that is really helpful. You manage to answer complex questions in relatively short articles and with really intelligent answers. Thank you for taking the time to write these articles and sharing them so generously." - Chrystelle Nash

"...had no idea that a simple click would give me such a wealth of valuable information. The site not only offered extremely clear and helpful instructions but was a very enjoyable read as well. The education from your wonderful site has made me a better writer and your words have inspired me to get back to work on my novel. I wish to give you a heartfelt thanks for How to Write a Book Now, sir." -- Mike Chiero